Philosophy is the study of the basic and fundamental problems and questions that concern such topics as knowledge, existence, values, mind, reason and language. Philosophy’s goal is to address the basic questions that are not covered by other disciplines. Among these are ethics, metaphysics, epistemology, and logic. The word philosophy has its origins in Greek, which translates to “love of wisdom.”
Philosophy has been considered as an all encompassing discipline for academic subjects that do not fit into the traditional scholarly disciplines of science and humanities. But even if it has this kind of function, it is still connected from the said disciplines. Actually, philosophy is very interconnected and has a close relationship with science, in as much as math and science has a close relationship. Many literary masters have also started their own philosophical movements. Additionally, many academic disciplines also have a related philosophy behind it. There is a philosophy of science, as well as a philosophy of history.
Philosophy is widely regarded as having begun with Socrates, who is considered the most important philosopher of all time. He is the developer of the Socratic method, a technique for observing philosophical problems through definition, analysis and synthesis. From Socrates’ time until the Scientific Revolution in the 17th century, both the disciplines of philosophy and science were commonly practiced by the same person because it is generally seen as two parts of the same discipline. It is no wonder it was once called natural philosophy, or philosophy about the world.