Reconstructive surgery is a broad term that refers to surgical procedures that are required to correct or repair parts of the body due to various reasons. These reasons could be defects that are inborn (birth defects), results of an illness, or results of trauma or injury. Reconstructive surgery aims to restore the proper function to the affected body part. In some cases, the appearance of that part can also be enhanced.
Some people confuse reconstructive surgery with cosmetic surgery. While they have their similarities, there is one major difference between them. Reconstructive surgery is necessary as it seeks to correct abnormalities while cosmetic surgery is meant purely for aesthetic reasons and has nothing to do with correcting abnormalities at all.
There are many kinds of surgery that fall under reconstructive surgery. For example, if a child is born with a cleft lip or palate, reconstructive surgery is necessary in order for the child to have normal use of his mouth. At the same time, this will improve the physical appearance of the patient. Another example of reconstructive surgery is breast reduction. There are some women who have extremely large breasts, causing complications such as back and posture problems. Breast reduction surgery is necessary for these women, who can then get rid of their back problems due to the weight of their breasts. Athletes who get injured while playing a sport also undergo reconstructive surgery. Injuries to the knees, ankles, shoulders, and so on require reconstructive surgery in order for the athlete to be able to perform again.