The Cold War is a term that described a time of tension and low-key hostility that was felt all throughout the world from the 1940s to the early 1990s. The two camps that were involved in this struggle were the United States and its allies against Russia and the countries aligned with it. Instead of engaging in an overt and disastrous war, the two camps involved in the Cold War tried to gain advantages over the other using more suble methods. The Cold War was the primary reason for such historical events as the building of the Berlin Wall and the Cuban Missile Crisis.
The Cold War has its origins during World War II when the Allied forces entered into an uncomfortable partnership with Russia in order to defeat Germany and Italy. The Allied forces didn’t feel comfortable partnering with a Communist country, and Russia was also uneasy about the agreement. When World War II ended, Germany was divided into two that was occupied by the Allies on one side and Russia on the other side. This was the start of the Cold War.
A number of attempts were made through diplomatic channels to end the tension between the two sides in the Cold War but no truly significant progress was made, that is, until the Eastern European countries decided to rise against Communist rule. One of the pivotal moments that contributed to the eventual end of the Cold War was the rise of the anti-communist Solidarity movement in Poland. Things started rolling from there and this culminated in the fall of the Berlin Wall and the beginning of cooperative talks between the US and Russia.