The term los Desaparecidos originated from the Spanish language which refers to people who just disappeared. The disappearances of such people are either caused by their advocacies, political stands or taste, as well as on their anti-government campaigns. Usually, these people are accused of committing anti-government acts, and then disappeared without anyone knowing where they were, even at present. The people referred as the disappeared were abducted by government entities, particularly the military, and they are brought to concentration or internment camps where they are made to confess a wrongdoing that they haven’t done. They also experience torture that eventually led to their death.
The term originally referred to those people who have disappeared at the height of the Operation Condor in the South America during the turbulent 1970s. The term also refers to Filipino left-wing advocates who were forcibly abducted and were never seen again despite the efforts of their family and friends. Forced disappearances were especially high during the dictatorship of Ferdinand Marcos in the 1970s to 1980s. They are usually people who were believed to be associates or member of an underground movement?whose ideology is the opposite of what the state currently employs.
Nowadays, forced disappearances are considered as a grave crime against humanity. There have been several international and local instruments and laws that protect civilian rights against forced disappearances. One of which is the United Nations International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance.?It was ratified by many countries to prevent unprecedented detention and murder of civilians.