The Aztecs were the tribe that inhabited Mexico as early as the 14th century. They refer themselves as people of Mexica, the origin of which is unknown to history. It was where the name Mexico came from. The Aztecs has a rich culture and practices. They worship their sun god named Huitzilopochtli and they believed that they came from a mythological place named Azlan. They also believed that their god instructed them to establish their city where they would see an eagle on a cactus eating a snake. That is why their cities are founded in the shores of Lake Texcoco where the modern Mexico was eventually established.
The Aztecs were considered as barbarians by the people in other regions such as the Toltecs. Because they were ostracised they tend to assimilate with culture of the other people. They have been also subject to conquerors in the 16th centuries because of their character of paying tribute to authorities. Despite their being a prey to conquerors, the Aztecs maintained a society that is well structured with the nobilities at the top of the pyramid and the salves on the bottom. They have an advanced system of writing, art, poetry, sciences and even their concept of time is also well-developed. Their sun god however is the focus of all their sacrifices and it was believed that their captives were the ones sacrificed to appease their god. The sacrificial rite consisted of cutting out the heart of a captive and burning it in fire atop a stair of phyramid.